Aprender Inglés Fácilmente: Lección Gratis

Aprender Verbos regulares y el verbo más común en el ingles “to be”. Es una lección gratis del libro Inglés Fácilmente por William Jiang, MLS de Amazon.com

 

Los Verbos – The Verbs

 

Verbos Regulares son más o menos facil.

El infinitivo es la forma no conjugado: “to run”. Es necesario para poner el “to” en frente del verbo para significar el infinitivo.

 

Simple Tenses of Regular Verbs – Tiempos Sencillos Para los Verbos Regulares

 

En Apéndice B- Verbos Regulares hay una lista grande de verbos regulares útiles que se puede memorizar.

 

Present, Presente:

En el tiempo presente para todos los verbos regulares, se usa el infinitivo sin el “to”. Solamente “You” cambia para poner un “s” al fin.

I act Yo actúo

You act Tú actúas / Usted actúa

He/She acts Él/Ella actúa

We act Nosotros actuamos

You (plural) act Ustedes actúan.

They act Ellos/Ellas actúan

 

Past, Pasado

Para formar el tiempo pasado se sacar el “to” y  ponga un “-ed” al fin del raiz.

I acted. Yo actuaba. y Yo actué

You acted. Tú actuabas y Yo actuaste,  Usted actuaba y Usted actuó

He/She acted. Él/Ella actuaba y E/Ella actuó

We acted. Nosotros actuabamos. y Nosotros actuamos.

You (plural) acted. Ustedes actuaban. y Ustedes actuaron.

They acted. Ellos/Ellas actuaban. y Ellos/Ellas actuaron.

 

Future, Futuro

Para formar el tiempo futuro se sacar el “to” y  ponga  la palabra “will” enfrente del verbo.

I will act Yo actuaré.

You will act. Tú actuarás. o  Usted actuará

He/She will act. El/Ella actuará

We will act. Nosotros actuaremos

You (plural) will act. Usted actuarán

They will act. Ellos/Ellas actuarán

 

Presente Perfecto –Present Perfect

Para formar el tiempo presente perfecto se sacar el “to” y  ponga  la palabra “had” enfrente del forma pasado.

I had acted. Yo he actuado.

You had acted. Tú has actuado. o  Usted ha actuado.

He/She had acted. Él/Ella ha actuado.

We had acted. Nosotros hemos actuado.

You (plural) had acted. Ustedes han actuado.

They had acted. Ellos/Ellas han actuado.

 

Presente Progresivo – Present Progressive

Para formar el tiempo presente progresivo  se sacar el “to” y  ponga  la palabra conjugado “to be”  enfrente del gerundio. Se forma el gerundio asi- ponga un “-ing” después el infinitivo. El gerundio es un nombre.

I am acting. Yo estoy actuando.

You are acting. Tú estás actuando. o Usted está actuando.

He/She are acting. Él/Ella está actuando.

We are acting. Nosotros estamos actuando.

You (plural) are acting. Usted estan actuando.

They are acting. Ellos/Ellas están actuando.

 

El Subjuntivo Presente –Present Subjunctive

Para formar el subjuntivo se ponga la palabra “would” enfrente del infinitivo sin el “to”.

I would act. Yo actúe.

You would act. Tú actúes. o Usted actúe.

He/She would act Él/Ella actúe

We would act. Nosotros actuemos

You (plural) would act. Ustedes actúen

They would act. Ellos/Ellas actúen

 

“To Be” El Verbo Irregular Más Útil en el Ingles

To Be” significa muchas cosas en ingles. Se puede utilizar “to be” en vez de cinco verbos en español. Cuándo quise aprender el español fue con ejemplos como los siguientes:

Ser – Soy alto.   I am tall.

Estar – Estoy enfermo. I am sick.

Hace- Hace sol.  It is sunny.

Haber- Hay un problema.   There is a problem.

Tener- Tengo frio. I am cold.

La conjugaisones de “To Be”

To Be (presente)

I am.

You are.

He/She/It is.

We are.

They (plural) are.

Señor Shakespeare ha dicho el obra de teatro Hamlet “To be, or not to be. That is the question.” Es unos de las frases más famosos en la literatura inglés.  Es el verbo más utilizado en inglés.

To Be (pasado)

I was.

You were.

He/She/It was.

We were.

You (plural) were.

They were.

 

To Be (futuro)

I will be.

You will be.

He/She/It will be.

We will be.

You (plural) will be.

They are.

 

Presente Progresivo – Present Progressive

I had been.

You had been.

He/She/It had been.

We had been.

You (plural) had been.

They had been.

 

Presente Perfecto – Present Perfect

I was running.

You were running.

He/She/It were running.

We were running.

You (plural) were running.

They were running.

 

El Subjuntivo Presente – Present Subjunctive

I would be.

You would be.

He/She/It would be.

We would be.

You (plural) would be.

They would be.

Si de verdad usted quiere aprender ingles facilmente, Le invito ver mi libro Ingles Facilmente para consejos del poliglota que escribio 65 libros, hasta hora- bibliotecario William Jiang, MLS de la universidad de Columbia. Dedico esta leccion gratis a mi amiga que siempre me da mucha inspiracion. 

libro como aprender el ingles facilmente

Avoiding the crushing consequences of studying too hard

As September and the fall semester begins, I remember the rush I had as a university student caught up in the swirl of energy of my fellow students and myself, more than twenty years ago now. A smile lights up my face as I recall, and then I think of a dark joke that my brother taught me his freshman year of MIT.  A professor stands in front of a window after leading a tour around the campus, and he asks the students, “Do you know why MIT’s colors are gray and red?” All the freshmen students shake their heads. Just then, outside of the window, everybody sees a body falling to the cement below. “That’s why.” says the professor.

MIT has a higher suicide rate than the national average, but the joke reflects an underlying truth about campus life all over the United States. According to Collegedegreesearch.net, there are about 1,100 suicides on campuses around the USA each year, and, shockingly, six percent of all undergraduates have seriously considered suicide.  Why is contemplating suicide so common among university students these days? A lot of stress, abuse of drugs and alcohol, as well as underlying clinical depression and anxiety are risk factors. Even if you are a learning machine, my advice is to take time to smell those roses because too much stress will take down even an ubermensch gifted student.

The Statistics

One in four Americans suffer from a serious mental illness during their lifetimes, most often depression or anxiety. Serious mental issues can be triggered by the stress of university or years of workaholism. It is no coincidence that depression is soon to become the number one cause of long term death and disability worldwide by 2020, according to the World Health Organization.

Reading and Mental Illness

University students read a lot. Problem? Maybe. Even high-achieving readers are predisposed to bouts of melancholia, according to medical history. Before the 19th century doctors thought that the mere act of reading books could cause mental instability. See: A Text-book on mental diseases By Theodore H. Kellogg. Also, see Wikipedia’s article on the History of Depression: “Since Aristotle, melancholia had been associated with men of learning and intellectual brilliance, a hazard of contemplation and creativity.”

According to the Census of 1890 about one percent of one percent of the population or one in ten thousand people in all of the United States had a hospitalization for depression. Today approximately one in seven people in the US suffers from clinical depression and the rate keeps going up. In 1890 few people had the opportunity to educate themselves beyond a basic level of reading, writing, and arithmetic. Today, one in four people in the US is a college graduate.  As rates of college graduation go up year to year, so does the figure of people becoming clinically depressed.  The question becomes, what can be done to stay healthy?

Protection: Omega-3 Fish Oil and the Prevention of Clinical Depression

Disclaimer: I worked as a medical library chief  at the leading psychiatric hospital in the United States, New York State Psychiatric Institute/ Columbia Psychiatry, so I have a bad habit of quoting MEDLINE to prove points. From the journal Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, Epub 2014 Mar 18.: there is a journal article titled “Omega-3 fatty acids and depression: scientific evidence and biological mechanisms” wherein the abstract states that “..several epidemiological studies reported a significant inverse correlation between intake of oily fish and depression or bipolar disorders.”   Free full text of the article is available to anyone who wishes to explore the article in more depth at pubmed.gov .

Back when I was an undergraduate, we did not know as much as we do today about the science behind a healthy brain and body, so we can do much more today than before to keep our minds and bodies healthy. Paradoxically, college students are less fit and more prone to suicide than ever before. According to Collegedegreesearch.net suicide rates for our youth are three times what they were back in the 1950’s, and diabetes rates are going through the roof among the Internet Generation.

If you feel suicidal please Call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255.

Editor’s Note: William Jiang, MLS is the Author of 63 books, including the bestselling books Guide to Natural Mental Health , 3rd ed and his critically-acclaimed autobiography A Schizophrenic Will: A Story of Madness, A Story of Hope. You can see a selection of his books about mental and physical health nicely laid out on his blog at www. mentalhealthbooks.net . He also is editor-in-chief of Mental Health Books Review